Do you suffer from headaches, neck and shoulder pain, pain between the shoulder blades, lower back pain, general stiffness and/or fatigue?
If your answer is YES, you may be suffering from:


Voluntary muscle is the largest single organ of the human body and accounts for 40% or more of the body’s total body weight. In total, the human body consists of 347 paired muscles and 2 unpaired muscle groups, for a total of +- 886  muscles. Any of these muscles can develop hyper- irritable zones that may lead to pain, pain referral and specific muscle dysfunction. Hyper-irritable zones within a muscle are commonly known as trigger points and are characterised by an increase in metabolism and decreased circulation or  blood flow. Not only does this condition lead to abnormal muscle and joint function, but the chemical imbalances may also irritate sensory and motor nerve endings, causing a variety of painful abnormal symptoms.

Research has shown that on average, 54% of females and 45% of all males suffer from muscle pain and dysfunction at any given time. Most of us at some stage of our lifetime have suffered from sporadic dull and achy pains and often develop deep muscle pain, varying in intensity from low-grade discomfort to severe and incapacitating torture.


  • Regular Chiropractic Treatment ensures optimal structural function in the spine and peripheral joints. Normal structure leads to normal function and correct biomechanical action. Normal moving joints need less muscular effort and therefore reduces stress and muscle fatigue.
  • Rest affected muscles when pain is experienced.
  • Apply moist heat over the painful muscle and pain referral areas, associated with that muscle.
  • Light modified activity with limited movement during the acute phase reduces stress and muscle fatigue and prevents further injury.
  • Massage
  • Ultrasound and other physiotherapy modalities.
  • Stretching


  • Stress!!!
  • Trauma – External sontact/direct blows/impact accidents etc.
  • Positional stress- Poor posture when sitting, lying, walking e.g. slouching, sleeping on stomach etc.
  • Occupational unphysiological postures e.g. working chair or desk too high or low.
  • Faulty mechanical activities of everyday living e.g. lifting and object with back flexed forward or object too far away from the front of your feet.
  • Overload and overwork fatigue
  • Placing a muscle in a shortened or lengthened position for an extended period of time.
  • Cold temperature on a warm, post-exercised muscle.


By adopting a regular stretching routine, muscle tension is reduced and an increased range of motion is established. Effective stretching minimises arterial compression, due to abnormal muscle tone and normalises blood flow.

Regular stretching can minimise nerve compression and avoid neuropraxia or loss of nerve conduction.

Regular stretching reduces pain by normalising muscle physiology and reducing chemical imbalances that may irritate sensory and motor nerve endings, thereby causing pain referral patterns.


Signs and symptoms of muscle pain and dysfunction often outlast the initial causative mechanism or injury that lead to the painful condition.

When injured, most tissues heal but muscles learn! Muscles learn to avoid pain. Active trigger pointsd or hyper-irritable areas within a muscle, develop habits of guarding. Guarding limits movements of that muscle. When movement of a muscle is limited, movement is affected negatively, Chronic pain, stiffness and dysfunction may result.



Muscle pain and dysfunction

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